Recognising an HIV infection can be challenging. HIV infection can be present in the body and go unnoticed for years. Nevertheless, there are characteristics that are good for your doctor or yourself to think about in terms of HIV. These are called HIV indicator conditions. These conditions are more commonly seen in people with HIV than in people without HIV. These conditions may indicate an undiscovered HIV infection.
In this section of the website, you can look up different types of HIV indicator conditions, such as herpes zoster (shingles), tuberculosis or an STD (for example, chlamydia or gonorrhoea). Of course, if you have an HIV indicator condition, it does not necessarily mean that you will also have HIV. However, it is recommended in the guidelines and by the World Health Organisation that you should be tested for HIV. An HIV test is refunded via health insurance (and is therefore free of charge) if your own risk money for that year has been used. If you have not yet reached your own risk limit, the cost of the HIV test will be charged to your insurance account.
Do you find it difficult to ask your GP or specialist for an HIV test? If so, you can download a specific conversation card for each condition with tips on how to approach this conversation. You can take this card with you on your next visit to the doctor.
De door jou ingevulde aandoening komt bij ons niet voor als veelvoorkomende hiv-indicator aandoening. Twijfel je of je toch een hiv-infectie hebt opgelopen, bespreek dit dan met je (huis-) arts.
Vind je het moeilijk dit bespreekbaar te maken? Download dan het onderstaande gesprekskaartje.
If the chance of an underlying HIV infection is higher than 0.1%, an HIV test is always recommended. Regardless of your origin, age, sexual preference or gender.
(a test might be charged from your 'own-risk' policy)
people in the Netherlands
living with HIV
of their underlying HIV infection
patientsbe between the
|In some diseases, there is a need |
always have an HIV test done,
regardless of risk factors
An earlier doesn't mean you don't now
No longer contagious
A well-treated HIV patient can develop HIV
no longer transfer to another person
HIV is a treatable diseaseand no longer deadly, but incurable
The symptoms of HIVare very diverse and therefore difficult to identify. The symptoms of an acute HIV infection can resemble the flu
PrEP & PEPare drugs that lower the risk of getting HIV
HIV can now be treatedwith one pill once a day
In the futurecan HIV possibly be treated with two injections every two months instead of taking one pill every day
HIV treatmentis fully reimbursed by the health insurance (a test is deducted from your deductible)
Insect bitesInsects are not carriers of the virus. They only take blood, they are unable to inject infected blood
Toilet seatsHIV does not survive on surfaces and therefore cannot be transmitted through a toilet seat. In addition, the virus is not in feces either
Touch each other