Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is a non-Hodgkin lymphoma. It is caused by B lymphocytes. The mean age at diagnosis is 64 years. The cause of DLBCL is usually unknown, but sometimes viruses, such as HIV or another viral infection, play a role in its development. If someone is diagnosed with DLBCL, they will be tested for these viruses. DLBCL is treated with chemotherapy.
Burkitt's lymphoma is a fast-growing lymphoma. It usually occurs in young adults. Treatment is started immediately upon diagnosis, as the lymphoma grows very quickly. The treatment consists of intensive chemotherapy.
Castleman's disease is rare. One or more lymph nodes are affected.
The complaints that are reported can be found under the heading 'symptoms'. The diagnosis is often made in people between the ages of 35 and 50. It is equally common in men and women. People with weakened immune systems have a high risk of getting Castleman's disease. If Castleman's disease occurs in multiple lymph nodes, it is often caused by Human Herpes virus 8 (HHV8).
Hodgkin lymphoma is diagnosed approximately 350 times each year. This concerns about 15% of malignant lymphomas. Hodgkin's lymphoma mainly occurs in young adults. Symptoms of Hodgkin's lymphoma are as described on this page, under 'symptoms'. Hodgkin lymphoma is treated with chemotherapy and radiation.